Category Archives: Technology

The Evolution of Letters from Pen and Paper to Email

Writing email on a laptopMany believe that letter writing is a lost art. For centuries, people communicated with each other through many forms of letter writing. It has been helpful in bridging the gap between people across the globe.

As technology advances, many things have changed. One of the most notable advancements that occurred over the last two decades was electronic mail. It is faster and more convenient.

What Happened?

The art of writing letters, formal or informal, has slowly faded. Today, many people do not know how to write letters anymore. The fast communication through chat platforms, emails, and messengers has taken over the old style letter writing.

Unbelievably, many people still prefer the old way of writing letters with colourful stationeries and pens. Most of them take it a step higher in conveying their thoughts in letters. For some companies such as Woolston Printing, the use of customised stationery in Australia provides a new means to write letters for many purposes, be it personal or business.

The Purpose of Letters

Writing letters have been an important part of history. Even ancient civilisations communicated through letters and even today, it’s still one of the ways to communicate with those who are special to you. Though the response is slower than in chat platforms, the enthusiasm and excitement one feels while waiting for a reply is irreplaceable.

Letter writing is an ancient means of communication, and the art of letter writing is virtually gone. Though people still do it, its purpose has slowly dwindled because of the emergence of new technologies and other communication applications. Hopefully, it will remain an integral part of communicating with our nearest and dearest.

Understand How GPS Works

GPS ConceptTechnology has been changing the way people live. For instance, Global Positioning System, or GPS has revolutionized the way we navigate on roads, locate persons, and even target specific opponents. Historically, GPS was used for military and intelligence operations in the 1960s.

Nowadays, apart from its important role in national security, GPS is now widely used by everyone. Hence, maintaining the right GPS constellation system assures the constant delivery of accurate information. To fully understand the importance of GPS, here is a background how Global Positioning System works.

1. Space Segment

For the GPS to work, its three segments—space, control, and user segments—must work simultaneously. The space segment is composed of a constellation of satellites that are constantly transmitting radio signals to users. At least 24 US government satellites are tilted to the equator, orbiting the earth every 12 hours, to ensure coverage up to the polar regions. Solar cells power the satellites to continuously orient their solar panels in the sun and the antennas to the earth. This is how GPS can give us a view of the earth.

2. Control Segment

The information generated from the satellite are analyzed, tracked, transmitted, and processed in the control segment. The control segment is a network of facilities that predict the behavior of each satellite’s orbit and atomic clocks. These data are linked to the satellites and then transmitted to the users. This segment assures the right orbiting and location of each satellite.

3. User Segment

The GPS receiver equipment—like cellphones, computers or GPS unit you are using—receives the information from the satellite that gives your accurate location and time.

GPS has revolutionized technology

GPS is no longer it is limited to military operations, but is making the lives of common people easier each day. From finding a specific place to locating a missing person, GPS has a huge impact on society. Hence, maintaining a working and updated GPS constellation is crucial in today’s modern world.

HALT/HASS Testing Practices Give Birth to Life-Changing Technologies

A woman having laser eye surgery As the medical world demands advanced applications, producers of tools and equipment also become more steadfast in coming up with new techniques to streamline processes and deliver precise results. Ultraprecision machining is among the technologies that have taken giant leaps in recent years, where modernization is involved.

Laser machining mostly dominates ultra-precision manufacturing, and the uses of such technology in the medical field cover the creation of stents for peripheral, coronary, and neurological uses, as well as cutting holes in catheters and infusion device, among others.

Using HALT/HASS to Overcome Obstacles

There have been attempts to create more advanced, precise devices in the past. Laser reliability and process costs, however, made it difficult to integrate the devices into the market entirely.

In the past, professionals deemed the reliability of industrial picosecond and femtosecond lasers not optimal, potentially compromising round-the-clock procedures. Compared with nanosecond lasers, the prices for the advanced devices were also significantly higher.

As HALT/HASS companies step in, laser manufacturers find new ways to overcome these challenges. Highly accelerated life test (HALT) and highly accelerated stress screening (HASS) are methods commonly used in the computer and electronics industries when fast-tracking a product’s reliability. The introduction of such methods to medical applications allowed the fabrication of potentially life-saving devices.

New Generation of Lasers

Now, with the help of HALT/HASS testing methods and tools, manufacturers were not only able to overcome the challenges they previously met. They were also able to come up with ultrafast lasers such as those from the Monaco and RAPID NX family by Coherent. This new generation of lasers, moreover, have a longer lifespan and higher reliability level.

Manufacturers hope that with the scaling of the assembly of automated laser, the cost of femtosecond lasers can eventually go down. With higher levels of productivity, longer uptime, and lower ownership costs, manufacturers hope to see widespread adoption of these lasers in many areas of medicine.

PMP Certification: What are the Eligibility Requirements?

PMP Certification ExamThe PMP, Project Management Professional certification, provided by the PMI or Project Management Institute, is among the most coveted certifications worldwide. According to the PMI, this certification is the application of techniques, skills, and knowledge to carry out projects successfully. Because of the closed-loop nature of the PMP certification system, only qualified candidates could take the PMP certification exam.

Project Management Professional Eligibility Requirements

To become eligible for PMP certification, you are required to have ample working experience on project management. First off, you must have a secondary degree with project management experience of five years at least, along with 7,500 hours directing and managing projects, as well as project management education for at least 35 hours. Otherwise, you’d need at least a four-year degree, project management experience of three years minimum, as well as 4,500 hours of managing and directing projects, and project management education for 35 hours.

The 35 hours of education isn’t necessarily the PMI-issued PMBOK Guide. According to the PMI, a contact hour is equivalent to an actual hour of receiving instruction or training, which includes non-classroom training methods such as online PMP training. In order to obtain these 35 hours, you could attend courses, workshops, and training sessions administered by training institutes or organizations with relevant courses. It’s crucial to note however that you must properly document all your training sessions, transcripts, tests, and certificates for supporting your application, advises a PMP certification course instructor in Utah.

In addition, take note that work experience doesn’t automatically mean that you acted as the project manager in your previous projects, but that you should have has a hand in managing the project. This means that you should have been involved in the five project management lifecycle process groups — initiation, planning, directing, tracking, and closing.

What’s Next?

If you could satisfy all these eligibility requirements, you may now apply for the certification exam via the online certification system of the PMI. In order to quickly and more efficiently complete your application, obtain necessary documentation you have to pass prior to opening the application, or else you’ll have to go through multiple sessions before you could complete it. Now all you have to do is wait for your application to be verified and accepted, pay the necessary fees, take the PMP exam, and hope for the best.

Mobile Must-Haves for Your International Trip

A travelling couple using a map and a smartphoneNo getaway is complete without a functioning phone. When packing your mobile arsenal, you remember the constants: a battery charger, power bank, a selfie stick and a portable Wi-Fi. Apart from the staples, these must-haves will help you be mobile-ready for your international trip. Make sure to pack them before you board.

A Travel SIM Card

It’s practical to bring around a SIM card that works in your destination. For a trip to London, a UK SIM from UK Prepaid SIM Card may be your communication line for the rest of the trip. You can choose from different plans that will last you throughout your stay, allowing you to manage your mobile spending.

There are roaming packages available, but you heard the horrors of impossibly high surprise charges. You don’t need that kind of stress on your holiday.

A Waterproof Phone Case

If the rumours are true, then the iPhone 7 will make a fantastic travel buddy. Why? Because it’s supposedly waterproof! You’re likely to bring your phone around, even when you go for a shower or swim. If you can’t resist taking snaps, even in a risky (read: potentially phone damaging) setting, slip your gadget into a trusty waterproof case.

This keeps you from getting into panic mode when you accidentally make a splash or when your phone falls out of your pocket.

Map Apps

Your phone can’t only come in handy when taking selfies and posting on social media. It has to help you enjoy your trip, and being able to guide you through your itinerary is one way to do that. In addition to usual apps like Google Maps, try the ones that help you find public utilities like toilets, because you’ll always need one. You’ll be surprised at how smooth the trip can be with them.

Your phone is a must-have for your international getaway. By loading it with handy features, you’ll be in for a fun, stress-free and mobile-ready adventure.

3 Things You Need to Keep Your Home Safe at All Times

Smart Home Security in DallasAs a homeowner, it’s natural to want to protect your home at all times, no matter where you are. This means finding the best security measures and following safety protocols to prevent accidents at home and keep it away from burglars. This way, you can have peace of mind knowing your big investment isn’t prone to dangers and damages. Here are three things you must invest in to preserve your home and belongings, and also keep your family safe.

Locks and Security Cameras

Your entry points are the most vulnerable parts of your home because this is where burglars try to find their way in to steal your belongings. That’s why you need to have the sturdiest locks and the most advanced security cameras in Dallas, a specialist from said. This way, burglars will find it hard to break in and maybe just abort their evil plans. Once the cameras detect suspicious activities, your security company will be alerted and they will send reinforcements as soon as possible.

Fire Alarm and Extinguisher

You should also be prepared for fires, one of the most destructive accidents you can ever face. Fire usually starts in the kitchen because of unattended stoves and other appliances. A fire extinguisher must be near the kitchen just in case. A fire alarm is also necessary to alert authorities so they can send firemen to your house.

Rain Gutters and Roof

Typhoons and hurricanes can come when you least expect them. To keep your home safe, you need to make sure the rain gutters are clean and not blocked. Your roof should also be strong to avoid leaks. If there are missing shingles or leaks are happening more often than before, you should call a roofer to do the necessary repair or upgrade before a storm hits again.

These safety protocols are important to protect your family and you property. Make sure to do your best to follow them for your own peace of mind.

What is Amazon Cloud, Its Advantages and Why Should You Consider It

Amazon CloudWhen owning or running a business that requires a great deal of computing, you will need the infrastructure to support your computing need; or do you really need to? This is a valid thought to have when the infrastructure could cost you a lot in terms of money and energy. Is there an alternative to owning and running your computing infrastructure? Amazon Web Services (AWS) does just that and it has been around since 2006.

AWS is a platform that provides cheap, scalable and highly reliable cloud computing and is used by thousands of companies across the globe, including insurance tracking firms. Data centers that support AWS are located across the world to provide seamless, robust and secure services.

AWS services
  • Simple storage: can be used for archiving application programs, data and online backup. It is cheap, scalable and high-speed.
  • Cloud Drive: is used by web-connected devices to share, access and upload data like music, photos and documents. It can also be used for streaming.
  • RedShift: is a service designed to support analysis in conjunction with business intelligence tools and SQL-based clients. Data-warehousing capabilities are in the petabyte range.
  • Dynamo database: is a service that provides a NoSQL database that is known for its scalability and low latency.
  • Mechanical Turk: is used for incorporating human intelligence in remote procedure calls. This API uses the human network to carry out tasks that computers cannot handle.
  • ElastiCache: can be used with Memcached and prevents database load by speeding up dynamic web applications. The difference is that Memcache is open source while ElastiCache is a fully managed service.
  • Elastic Compute Cloud: is the name given to a service provided by AWS that can be used as an unlimited number of virtual machines. This, in turn, helps subscribers to run business app programs.

These are some of the services provided by AWS and it is used by a number of businesses across the industry. This includes insurance tracking companies.

Innovative Satellite Discs for a Better Society

SatelliteSatellite systems are now a major player in worldwide communication. Many households use these networks every day. You may not see the discs hovering above you, but they exist and do so to benefit today’s society.

Numerous industries rely on a satellite’s existing communication capabilities for better networking traffic. Industries like astronomy and surveillance, and even studies involving the ocean, rely on innovative satellite technology to get the most out of communication.

Satellites for Better Communication

Today’s society cannot exist without communication technology—it is a relevant component of society that links people to one another. Communication satellites work 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to keep everyone connected. Before, only NASA utilized the power of satellites. Now, things have changed.

According to Singtel Satellite, a specialist in satellite and ICT (information and communication technology), private enterprises can also benefit from satellites through efficient message distribution. The satellite sends messages to a ground station, which receives these messages and immediately distributes them to the right recipients.

Satellite stations can service phones, television transmission networks, and other forms of communication systems anytime, anywhere. New advancements focus on packing more information to help companies send different forms of data.

Seeing Space with Innovative Discs

One of the latest developments in satellite technology involves the field of astronomy. Experts mount orbiting satellites on deeper space probes to give people on the ground a better view of what’s happening outside the Earth. Most of these technologies record wavelength and radiation, as well as gauge the Earth’s capability to survive ultraviolet rays.

Knowing the Sea Better

The oceans and the seas are full of deep secrets waiting for discovery. Fortunately, satellite technology is now a useful tool to explore the ocean’s uncharted corners.

Marine biologists and scientists can now easily detect the recent comings and goings under the ocean. They use satellites to detect how the ocean’s state will affect the environment. By analysing the marine surface life and wave patterns, they study the water better and how it can contribute to our growing society.

Satellites are an integral part of everyone’s lives. These dishes are relevant in pushing today’s society towards a better future. With the continuous march of progress, expect to see more industry improvements, thanks to the achievement of satellite networks.

Communication Through Satellites

SatelliteSatellite communication is the main reason that people, in an electromagnetic sense, are able to exchange data no matter how far they are from each other. This is the basic principle behind telecommunications. It provides different connections from all over the earth to make communication, via phone, internet, and the like, able by using an artificial satellite.

Satellite Technology

The way that a satellite works follows the same rules as with simple communication between people – the source relays the message or information to the receiver, and then the receiver gives a response to the source. In satellite communication, the satellite gathers a signal from earth, expands the frequency, then shoots the signal to the receiver back in earth.

Thanks to modern science, the advancement of satellite technology is possible. The development of Sputnik (the ten artificial satellites of the Earth that man sent into space consecutively) was the breakthrough of space age. From there, man is able to make and will be able to make communication better with technology.


The development of Sputnik marks the beginning of space age. It started with Sputnik 1 which disappeared into the atmosphere in 1958. Then came Sputnik 2 which man launched with a dog named Laika and circled the earth. The making of eight more Sputniks studies how it can be of support to the living, aside from the investigation on “space temperatures, pressures, particles, radiation, and magnetic fields.” (Sputnik, n.d.)

Communication Development

The goal of the development of communication satellites by providers like is to have a more advanced “processing capabilities, more power, and larger-aperture antennas” (Labrador, n.d.) for them to increase bandwidth allocation, which means also an increase in the information it can transmit. It will also increase its life which today ranges only between ten and fifteen years, to twenty and thirty years.

Scientists also are finding a way to make satellites using cheaper and reusable materials. The continuous application of innovation to satellite communication with the increasing demand for a larger bandwidth may be an answer to the ever-growing data traffic happening now.

Can Brick-And-Mortar Retailers Survive the Digital Age?

digital ageThese days, where everything is online, one can only reminisce the good old times when people flock to brick-and-mortar department stores for their purchases. In a report in January, one study revealed that there were 6 million fewer people who scoured malls and department stores over the Thanksgiving weekend to shop – a big contrast to the 29% who chose to buy their things over their mobile devices.

Does it mean that brick-and-mortar retailers are on the verge of extinction? Zodiac Displays explores this idea.

Amazon’s Intriguing Move

For most people, it may be a yes. Ironically,, dubbed as the world’s largest store online since its founding, is starting to see things differently. It recently announces its plan to create a physical store in Seattle. It only means one thing: that even ecommerce giants see the importance of ‘touch and feel’ in sales.

Gen Xers and Baby Boomers Still Buy From Physical Stores

The millennials, or those who were born in the early 2000s, is the age group most connected to the Internet. Among all the population groups, these young people have the greatest propensity to buy over the Internet.

On the other hand, the Gen Xers (those who were born between the late 60s and early 90s) and baby boomers (those who were born after the WWII baby boom) tend to veer towards buying their stuff over brick-and-mortar stores.

Luckily for physical store owners, Gen Xers and baby boomers are considered large income groups. It means that although Millennials search their products more frequently online, Gen Xers and Baby boomers are more likely to spend money for it at stores.

Improving ‘In-Store Experience’ a Key to Survival

The convenience of online shopping poses great challenge to brick-and-mortar retailers, and traditional marketing would no longer cut it. As such, it is important for physical owners to take their steps one notch higher. Creative roll up display banners, imaginative billboard ads, and other compelling visual marketing strategies are needed to keep physical stores afloat.

Most importantly, storeowners need to reinvent traditional stores, from just being a simple point of purchase to being an awesome place that offers a worthwhile in-store experience. Investing in innovative display system, store equipment, and layouts go a long way in this regard.